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  1. #1
    Moderator shawn alladio's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2006
    Earth, USA, California

    Hurricane Response: Flood and Strom cleanup

    Hurricane Response: Storm and Flood Cleanup

    Storm and flood cleanup activities can be hazardous. Workers and volunteers involved with flood cleanup should be aware of the potential dangers involved, and the proper safety precautions. Work-related hazards that could be encountered include: electrical hazards, Carbon Monoxide, musculoskeletal hazards, heat stress, motor vehicles, hazardous materials, fire, confined spaces and falls. Links to information about hazards associated with storm and flood cleanup can be found below. This information is intended to help employers and workers prepare in advance for anticipated response activities, and to prevent work-related injuries and illnesses in the field once rescue, recovery, and clean-up begin.
    General Recommendations for Relief Workers and Emergency Responders

    Interim Guidance for Pre-exposure Medical Screening of Workers Deployed for Hurricane Disaster Work
    Provides Information on screening personnel to be deployed to hurricane disaster recovery areas.
    What Services Can CDC/NIOSH Provide to Employers and Employees Involved in Hurricane Katrina Recovery?
    Provides information on worksite hazard evaluations available to workers affected by Hurricane Katrina.
    Interim Guidance on Health and Safety Hazards When Working with Displaced Domestic Animals
    Provides information on preventing bites and scratches, rabies, dermatologic conditions, sharps injuries, more...
    Interim Postexposure Medical Screening of Workers Leaving Hurricane Disaster Recovery Areas
    Provides Information on working in physically demanding, unclean, or unstable work environments, such as hurricane recovery areas.

    Interim Immunization Recommendations for Emergency Responders: Hurricane Katrina
    Provides information on required immunizations for Hurricane Katrina responders.
    Interim Health Recommendations for Relief Workers
    Provides a broad scope of information on risks and prevention strategies for relief workers.
    Interim Assessment Tools for Occupational Safety and Health in Hospitals, Health Departments, and Shelters Involved in Response to Hurricane Katrina

    These interim forms were developed by NIOSH as survey tools for occupational safety and health purposes in the response to Hurricane Katrina. The interim forms are keyed to critical information for assessing the potential occupational safety and health impacts of the Hurricane Katrina response on health care, health department, and shelter employees. The interim forms are being used by NIOSH and its colleagues in the U.S. Centers for Disease Control to assess occupational safety and health status and needs for employees in those facilities. The interim forms are posted here to provide information to occupational safety and health professionals who are interested in NIOSH efforts to prevent injuries and illnesses among hospital, shelter, and health department employees involved in the response to Hurricane Katrina, and who may be looking for tools to ensure health and safety in their own operations.
    Occupational Health and Safety Survey Tool - Evacuation Centers (Employee Injury or Illness Form)
    44 kb (2 pages)
    Occupational Health and Safety Survey Tool - Hospitals and Medical Care Facilities
    32 kb (1 page)
    Occupational Health and Safety Survey Tool - ROC/JFO/Health Dept/Field
    31 kb (1 page)
    Occupational Health and Safety Survey Tool - Shelters
    29 kb (1 page)
    Protective Equipment and Clothing

    NIOSH Hazard-Based Interim Guidelines: Protective Equipment For Workers In Hurricane Flood Response
    Provides general guidance for personal protective equipment for workers responding in Hurricane Katrina flood zones.
    NIOSH Interim Guidance on Personal Protective Equipment and Clothing for Flood Response Workers
    Provides information on hazards to flood cleanup workers, and guidance for selecting clothing and protective equipment.
    Suggested Respirator Cleaning and Sanitation Procedures
    Guidance for selecting cleaning equipment and supplies, procedures for respirator maintenance.
    Eye Safety - Emergency Response & Disaster Recovery
    En Español
    Overview of eye hazards and injuries, types of eye protection, safety for prescription lens wearers, first aid.
    Eye Protection for Infection Control
    Provides background information and specific details on eye protection used to supplement eye protection recommendations provided in current CDC infection control guidance documents. It is intended to familiarize workers with the various types of eye protection available, their characteristics, and their applicable use.
    Disaster Site Management

    Suggested Guidance for Supervisors at Disaster Rescue Sites
    Work plan essentials, site safety and team leader checklists, potential hazards and recommendations.
    Fact Sheet for Workers in Secondary Response and Other Supporting Roles
    FAQs About Exposure to Dusts and Gases.

    NIOSH Interim Guidance on Health and Safety Issues Among Clean-Up Workers Involved with Burning of Hurricane Debris
    Provides guidance on health and safety issues related to burning hurricane debris, such as smoke inhalation, heat stress, fire-related injuries, more...
    NIOSH Interim Guidelines for Fire Fighting Operations in the Hurricane Katrina Response
    Recommendations for preventing injury, illness, and death among fire fighters working in the response to Hurricane Katrina.
    Firefighter Topic Page
    Provides Fire Fighter fatality/injury data, SCBA information, links to other FF sites, more....
    NIOSH Emergency Response Page
    Includes information for Emergency Responders and other workers about emergency preparedness, disaster site management, terrorist response, personal protective equipment, natural disasters, chemical agents, more....

    Traumatic Incident Stress: Information For Emergency Response Workers
    En Español
    Dangers and symptoms of Traumatic Incident Stress, resources for coping.
    West Nile Virus

    West Nile Virus Topic page
    Provides detailed information and FAQs about West Nile Virus and the potential occupational hazards and risks of WNV exposure and infection.
    Recommendations for Protecting Outdoor Workers from West Nile Virus Exposure
    This brochure contains answers to questions relevant to outdoor workers regarding West Nile Virus, as well as recommendations for the prevention of exposure to West Nile Virus by outdoor workers.
    En Español

    Recommendations for Protecting Laboratory, Field, and Clinical Workers from West Nile Virus Exposure
    This fact sheet provides information for lab , field, and clinical workers on the potential occupational hazards and risks of WNV exposure and infection.
    En Español
    Identifying and Handling Human Remains

    Health Concerns Associated with Disaster Victim Identification After a Tsunami
    MMWR Vol 54, No 14;349 04/15/2005
    Gives techniques for victim identification in a disaster area, and provides information on health concerns and the establishment of temporary morgues.
    Interim Health Recommendations for Workers who Handle Human Remains
    Provides recommendations for individuals who must have direct contact with human remains.
    Air Quality

    NIOSH Interim Recommendations for the Cleaning and Remediation of Flood-Contaminated HVAC Systems: A Guide for Building Owners and Managers
    During flooding, systems for heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) can become submerged in flood waters. The following recommendations will help ensure that HVAC systems contaminated with flood water are properly cleaned and remediated to provide healthy indoor environments.

    Overview of Cleanup Hazards

    CDC Hurricanes - Health and Safety
    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention resource for Hurricane recovery and preparedness. Includes key facts, food and water safety, Mental Health, Electrical Hazards and more...
    NIOSH Warns of Hazards of Flood Cleanup Work
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 94-123 (1994)
    En Español
    An overview of hazards present in cleanup operations and ways to prevent illnesses and injuries.
    NIOSH Emergency Response Resources - Natural Disasters
    A sub-page of the NIOSH Emergency Response Resources Area containing links to information about natural disasters, flood and hurricane response, and personal protective equipment.
    Electrical Hazards

    Electrical Safety Topic Page
    Electrical current exposes workers to a serious, widespread occupational hazard, particularly during hurricane or flood response.
    Preventing Electrocutions by Undetected Feedback Electrical Energy Present in Power Lines
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 88-104 (1987)
    This Alert describes one important cause of occupational electrocutions-- undetected feedback electrical energy present in power lines.
    Preventing Electrocutions of Workers Using Portable Metal Ladders Near Overhead Power Lines
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 89-110 (1989)
    En Español
    Contact between portable metal ladders and overhead power lines causes serious and often fatal injuries to workers in the United States.
    Preventing Worker Deaths from Uncontrolled Release of Electrical, Mechanical, and Other Types of Hazardous Energy--Alert
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 99-110 (1999)
    This Alert describes five fatal incidents in which workers contacted uncontrolled hazardous energy during installation, maintenance, service, or repair work.
    Tree Removal / Chain Saws

    Preventing Chain Saw Injuries During Tree Removal After a Hurricane
    Chain saws are widely used to remove fallen trees and tree branches after hurricanes and other natural disasters. This CDC fact sheet provides information on chain saw safety and tips on avoiding injury from the release of bent trees or branches.
    Preventing Falls and Electrocutions During Tree Trimming
    DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 92-106
    Many tree trimmers and their employers may lack training and knowledge of OSHA standards and/or may be unaware of the risk posed by inadequate or improper safety procedures and equipment. This Alert describes eight incidents involving five electrocutions and three fatal falls of tree trimmers.

  2. #2
    Moderator shawn alladio's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2006
    Earth, USA, California

    Part 2

    Health Care Workers

    Health Care Workers Topic Page
    Health care workers face a wide range of hazards on the job, including needlestick injuries, back injuries, latex allergy, violence, and stress.
    Bloodborne Infectious Diseases HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis B Virus, and Hepatitis C Virus
    Exposures to blood and other body fluids occur across a wide variety of occupations. Health care workers, emergency response and public safety personnel, and other workers can be exposed to blood through needlestick and other sharps injuries, mucous membrane and skin exposures.
    Confined Spaces

    Confined Spaces Topic Page
    "Confined Space" refers to a space which by design has limited openings for entry and exit, unfavorable natural ventilation which could contain or produce dangerous air contaminants, and which is not intended for continuous employee occupancy.

    NIOSH Interim Guidance: Working Safely in Confined Spaces
    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) provides the following interim guidelines regarding work in confined spaces in the response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
    Carbon Monoxide

    NIOSH Carbon Monoxide Hazards Topic Page
    Provides a listing of CO-related NIOSH publications, as well as recommendations for employers and equipment users, tool rental companies, and tool manufacturers.
    Carbon Monoxide Poisoning and Death After the Use of Explosives in a Sewer Construction Project
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 98-122 (199
    En Español
    This Alert describes five fatal incidents in which workers contacted uncontrolled hazardous energy during installation, maintenance, service, or repair work.
    Preventing Carbon Monoxide Poisoning from Small Gasoline Powered Engines and Tools
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 96-118 (1996)
    En Español
    It is not widely known that small gasoline-powered engines and tools present a serious health hazard. They produce high concentrations of CO--a poisonous gas that can cause illness, permanent neurological damage, and death.
    NIOSH Warns of Deadly Carbon Monoxide Hazard from Using Pressure Washers Indoors
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 93-117 (1993)
    All gasoline-powered engines produce carbon monoxide. This gas can rapidly build up in any indoor area, and individuals can be overcome without even realizing they are being exposed. Confusion, headache, dizziness, fatigue, and weakness may set in too quickly for victims to save themselves.
    Musculoskeletal Hazards

    Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders Topic Page
    A resource of practical ways to reduce ergonomics hazards to workers.
    Heat Stress

    Working in Hot Environments
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 86-112 (1986)
    En Español
    Excessive exposure to a hot work environment can bring about a variety of heat-induced disorders.
    Motor Vehicles and Machine Safety

    Motor Vehicles Topic Page
    Motor vehicle-related highway crashes are consistently the leading cause of work-related fatalities.
    Machine Safety Topic Page
    Machinery-related hazards are present in virtually every industry. Workers are exposed to these hazards daily in construction, farming, and manufacturing.
    Hazardous Materials

    Chemical Safety Topic Page
    A resource of information about chemicals from NIOSH and other sources. Including databases, MSDS, and publications.
    NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards
    DHHS (NIOSH) Publication No. 97-140
    Exposure limits, Respirator Recommendations, First Aid, more...
    The Pocket Guide is a source of general industrial hygiene information on several hundred chemicals/classes found in the work environment. Key data provided for each chemical/substance includes name (including synonyms/trade names), structure/formula, CAS/RTECS Numbers, DOT ID, conversion factors, exposure limits, IDLH, chemical and physical properties, measurement methods, personal protection, respirator recommendations, symptoms, and first aid.

    Falls from Elevations Topic Page
    Falls from elevation hazards are present at most every jobsite, and many workers are exposed to these hazards daily. Any walking/working surface could be a potential fall hazard.
    Other Disaster Response Resources

    NIOSH Emergency Response Page
    Includes information for Emergency Responders and other workers about emergency preparedness, disaster site management, terrorist response, personal protective equipment, natural disasters, chemical agents, more....
    National Personal Protective Technology Laboratory (NPPTL)
    Focuses expertise from many scientific disciplines to advance federal research on respirators and other personal protective technologies for workers.
    CDC Emergency Preparedness and Response - "Key Facts About Hurricane Readiness"
    Essential tips to help you prepare for hurricanes and cope with their aftermath.
    Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
    External Link:
    The Federal Emergency Management Agency is an independent agency reporting to the President and tasked with responding to, planning for, recovering from and mitigating against disaster.
    National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) - Hurricane Katrina Response Page
    External Link:
    Includes a Geographic Information System, Environmental Health Resources for Medical Responders, Clean-up and Emergency Response Activities, Q & A, more...
    Disaster Relief
    External Link:
    The Disaster Relief website is a cooperative effort between the American Red Cross, CNN Interactive and IBM whose mission is to help disaster victims and the disaster relief community worldwide by facilitating the exchange of information on the Internet.
    Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Emergency Preparedness/Response Topic Page
    External Link:
    Presents links to information about emergency response in the workplace, including recognition, control, equipment, and planning.
    Agricultural Safety Topic Page
    Agriculture ranks among the most hazardous industries. Farmers are at very high risk for fatal and nonfatal injuries.
    Department of Health and Human Resources (HHS): Hurricane Katrina emergency information links:
    External Link:
    Presents links to information about how to get help, health and safety, what HHS and other federal agencies are doing, donating and volunteering, locating people, and key state government agencies in the region.
    Repairing Your Flooded Home
    External Link:
    Presents information published by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the American Red Cross to help flooded property owners.

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